As at the beginning of each month now, we will share with you in this article, our DMARC compliance results for February 2021!
To summarize: Today, our security policy is at "quarantine", which means that any email with SPF & DKIM authentication failures will be delivered as junk mail to any organization (ISP, Webmails, companies, ...) able to interpret and apply the DMARC security rule.
Ultimately, we have two goals for 2021:
- Change our security policy from "quarantine" to "reject": we would then ask all ISPs/Webmails/Filters (interpreting DMARC) to reject emails with bad SPF & DKIM authentication.
- Legitimize all our email flows (and yes, we use several distinct tools for each type of sending - understand, we don't have all our eggs in the same basket :p).
Apply a "strict" SPF & DKIM alignment instead of a "relaxed" one: We're plugging EVERYTHING into Badsender.com! This 3rd point is too complicated to set up (cf. point n°2), we will remain in "relaxed" since all our legitimate flows will be branded with a sub-domain of Badsender.com. And if one day things change... We will study a passage towards a strict alignment!
We are aware that it will take time and energy but it is not impossible! And if it allows us to reduce the risks of using our domain name, it's worth it.
Let's get to the heart of the matter... Enjoy your reading 🙂
February 2021 compliance rate
To be DMARC compliant, the email must return a properly authenticated and properly aligned (soft or hard) SPF or DKIM record.
Here are our results for the month of February 2021 (I am voluntarily keeping the history since the first DMARC monitoring was published to compare the evolution of the data):
|February 2021||5 221||99,8%||0,2%||0,0%|
|January 2021||4 843||98,0%||1,9%||0,1%|
|December 2020||3 797||99,3%||0,4%||0,3%|
|November 2020||4 973||98,0%||1,9%||0,1%|
|October 2020||3 772||95,8%||4,1%||0,1%|
Almost perfect! This February was pretty quiet, we've never had such a high DMARC compliance rate! No Russian bad guys this month on the agenda 🙂
Our flows via Sellsy are now all DMARC compliant. A last minute project has to be managed, the change of host and yes we are migrating to a "green" host for several weeks (Jonathan should tell you everything in the next weeks so I do not tease more :p).
This change of host caused us to temporarily postpone the upgrade of our DMARC security policy from "quarantine" to "reject" but it's only a temporary fix 🙂
Authentication & SPF & DKIM alignment
For an email to be properly authenticated with SPF, the IP used must be declared in the SPF record of the email envelope domain (understand here the MailFrom/Return-path domain - visible in the SMTP header of an email).
Following the migration of the domain name to the new host, we had a small glitch with the SPF registration, which resulted in it failing systematically hence this slightly low rate (which shouldn't be). We fixed the problem, rates will be even better in March 🙂
And for an e-mail to be correctly aligned with SPF, the domain of the e-mail envelope (here the MailFrom/Return-path) must be identical or from a sub-domain of the FROM domain (cf. domain of the sending address).
Same problem as SPF authentication rate... If authentication fails, so does alignment 😉
For an email to be properly authenticated with DKIM, the email will need to have a valid DKIM signature (regardless of the domain used in the "d=" statement).
The DKIM authentication rate is still almost strong, with 99.8% in February!
As far as DKIM alignment is concerned, for an e-mail to be correctly aligned, the domain declared in the DKIM signature (contained in the "d=") must be identical to or come from the sub-domain of the FROM domain (cf. domain of the sending address).
DKIM alignment is clear, we are close to perfection in February with an indecent rate of 99.8%!
The last DKIM-related rate is the rate of unsigned e-mails (and yes, there are still some). These are emails that have no DKIM signature.
For the record, we had no non-authentication reports this February, which is a big first for us! Champagne Jonathan ? 🙂
Distribution of non-compliant & non-authenticated emails
Here is the list of "Sender rDNS" (understand here the domain name that is associated with an IP) brought up as "non-compliant" over the month of February 2021:
Only three entries come up: Outlook, Google & OVH.
No compliance action will be required since these flows are due to email transfers.
And the list of "Sender rDNS" reported as "unauthenticated":
Clear and good 🙂
SPF & DKIM error trends
We have the possibility to know on each "Sender rDNS" what are the problems we have encountered and that will be corrected.
Below are the reported trends on SPF & DKIM errors for the month of February 2020:
Trend of the most frequent SPF errors
On the SPF error side, 171 emails come up with an SPF alignment problem, 153 come up with a problem with SPF, 86 come up with an SPF authentication problem and only 6 come up with no SPF record! It'll get better in March, no worries there 🙂
Trend of the most frequent DKIM errors
For DKIM, 17 out of 19 emails reported a DKIM authentication problem (which is still low) and therefore 2 out of 19 reported a DKIM alignment problem.
Our roadmap for March 2021!
During the February 11 meeting with Jonathan, we concluded that the migration of our entire infrastructure was a priority over the development of our DMARC security policy and so we will wait a few more months before tackling this project:
Not all uploaded sources need to be DMARC compliant
Finally this month of February has been quite good, except for the little problem with SPF. The roadmap has finally been completed and is on standby until the end of the migration. See you at the beginning of April to see if there was a little more noise on our domain "badsender.com".
If you too have the ambition to make your email flows DMARC compliant but you don't know where to start, which solution(s) to use... We are here to help you J
Feel free to share, like, comment... In short, make some noise !!!!!
Badsender, emailing expertise agitator! Badsender is a team of craftsmen specialized in the various disciplines surrounding email marketing! Our emailing agency intervenes on questions of strategy, design, orchestration and deliverability. We offer this expertise in the form of coachingWe can also provide services such as audits, or act as an outsourced production force.
Content related to DMARC in any way:
- All about SPF in 3 articles:
- All about DKIM (1 article only):
- Almost everything you need to know about ARC (1 article so far):What is the CRA? Definition, operation and verification
- - - - -